Adipose-derived extract suppresses il-1β-induced inflammatory signaling pathways in human chondrocytes and ameliorates the cartilage destruction of experimental osteoarthritis in rats

Hideki Ohashi, Keiichiro Nishida, Aki Yoshida, Yoshihisa Nasu, Ryuichi Nakahara, Yoshinori Matsumoto, Ayumu Takeshita, Daisuke Kaneda, Masanori Saeki, Toshifumi Ozaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We investigated the effects of adipose-derived extract (AE) on cultured chondrocytes and in vivo cartilage destruction. AE was prepared from human adipose tissues using a nonenzymatic approach. Cultured human chondrocytes were stimulated with interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β) with or without different concentrations of AE. The effects of co-treatment with AE on intracellular signaling pathways and their downstream gene and protein expressions were examined using real-time PCR, Western blotting, and immunofluorescence staining. Rat AE prepared from inguinal adipose tissues was intra-articularly delivered to the knee joints of rats with experimental osteoarthritis (OA), and the effect of AE on cartilage destruction was evaluated histologically. In vitro, co-treatment with IL-1β combined with AE reduced activation of the p38 and ERK mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway and nuclear translocation of the p65 subunit of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB), and subsequently downregulated the expressions of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1, MMP-3, MMP-13, a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin motifs (ADAMTS)-4, IL-6, and IL-8, whereas it markedly upregulated the expression of IL-1 receptor type 2 (IL-1R2) in chondrocytes. Intra-articular injection of homologous AE significantly ameliorated cartilage destruction six weeks postoperatively in the rat OA model. These results suggested that AE may exert a chondroprotective effect, at least in part, through modulation of the IL-1β-induced inflammatory signaling pathway by upregulation of IL-1R2 expression.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9781
JournalInternational journal of molecular sciences
Volume22
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2021

Keywords

  • Adipose tissue
  • Cartilage
  • Chondrocyte
  • IL-1 receptor type 2
  • Osteoarthritis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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