Recent studies have indicated that angiogenesis may be regulated, in part, by p53 tumor suppressor gene function. We hypothesized that wild-type p53 replacement would down-regulate vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression and inhibit angiogenesis. KM12L4 and SW620, human colon cancer cell lines with p53 mutations, were transduced with a replication-defective adenoviral vector containing the wild-type p53 gene (Ad5/CMV/p53). Reverse transcription-PCR confirmed the presence of p53 in Ad5/CMV/p53-transduced cells. Transduction of colon cancer cells with wild-type p53 decreased VEGF RNA expression compared with that of controls. The decrease in VEGF expression in SW620 cells was dose dependent, with a 49% decrease observed at a multiplicity of infection of 50, and a 71% decrease observed at a multiplicity of infection of 100. Similar effects were seen in KM12L4 cells. VEGF supernatant protein levels were significantly reduced compared with those in nontransduced controls 48 h after the introduction of wild-type p53. Ad5/CMV/p53 inhibited tumor cell-induced angiogenesis in vivo. Restoration of wild-type p53 expression may decrease tumor growth by inhibiting the angiogenic response. These findings may explain, in part, the bystander effect seen with p53 tumor suppressor gene therapy.
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 1 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research