Adenovirus-mediated wild-type p53 gene transfer down-regulates vascular endothelial growth factor expression and inhibits angiogenesis in human colon cancer

Michael Bouvet, Lee M. Ellis, Masahiko Nishizaki, Toshiyoshi Fujiwara, Wenbiao Liu, Corazon D. Bucana, Bingliang Fang, J. Jack Lee, Jack A. Roth

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Recent studies have indicated that angiogenesis may be regulated, in part, by p53 tumor suppressor gene function. We hypothesized that wild-type p53 replacement would down-regulate vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression and inhibit angiogenesis. KM12L4 and SW620, human colon cancer cell lines with p53 mutations, were transduced with a replication-defective adenoviral vector containing the wild-type p53 gene (Ad5/CMV/p53). Reverse transcription-PCR confirmed the presence of p53 in Ad5/CMV/p53-transduced cells. Transduction of colon cancer cells with wild-type p53 decreased VEGF RNA expression compared with that of controls. The decrease in VEGF expression in SW620 cells was dose dependent, with a 49% decrease observed at a multiplicity of infection of 50, and a 71% decrease observed at a multiplicity of infection of 100. Similar effects were seen in KM12L4 cells. VEGF supernatant protein levels were significantly reduced compared with those in nontransduced controls 48 h after the introduction of wild-type p53. Ad5/CMV/p53 inhibited tumor cell-induced angiogenesis in vivo. Restoration of wild-type p53 expression may decrease tumor growth by inhibiting the angiogenic response. These findings may explain, in part, the bystander effect seen with p53 tumor suppressor gene therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2288-2292
Number of pages5
JournalCancer Research
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 1998


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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