Alteration in genes which takes place during malignant conversion and progression could be potential targets for gene therapy. We previously identified REIC/Dkk-3 as a gene whose expression is reduced in many human cancers. Here, we showed that expression of REIC/Dkk-3 was consistently reduced in human prostate cancer tissues in a stage-dependent manner. Forced expression of REIC/Dkk-3 induced apoptosis in human prostate cancer cell lines lacking endogenous REIC/Dkk-3 expression but not in REIC/Dkk-3-proficient normal prostate epithelial and stromal cells. The apoptosis involved c-Jun-NH 2-kinase activation, mitochondrial translocation of Bax, and reduction of Bcl-2. A single injection of an adenovirus vector carrying REIC/Dkk-3 showed a dramatic antitumor effect on a xenotransplanted human prostate cancer. Thus, REIC/Dkk-3 could be a novel target for gene-based therapy of prostate cancer.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research