Adeno-associated virus 2-mediated intratumoral prostate cancer gene therapy: Long-term maspin expression efficiently suppresses tumor growth

Masami Watanabe, Yasutomo Nasu, Yuji Kashiwakura, Norihiro Kusumi, Kenji Tamayose, Atsushi Nagai, Tetsuo Sasano, Takashi Shimada, Hiroyuki Daida, Hiromi Kumon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Citations (Scopus)


Maspin is a member of the serine protease inhibitors and the maspin gene, a tumor suppressor gene, is down-regulated in a large fraction of prostate cancers. We evaluated the use of adeno-associated virus (AAV, serotype 2) vector encoding maspin as a means for in vivo gene therapy for human prostate cancer. TUNEL assay of subcutaneously formed LNCaP or DU145 tumors in nude mice showed that intratumoral AAV-mediated maspin expression significantly upregulated the number of apoptotic cells compared with AAV-LacZ treatment. Immunofluorescence double staining for maspin protein and apoptosis in LNCaP tumors showed that the percentage of apoptotic cells in AAV-maspin-mediated maspin-expressing cells was significantly high compared with that in AAV-GFP-mediated GFP-expressing cells. Moreover, significantly fewer CD31-positive microvessels were observed in AAV-maspin-treated tumors compared with the control tumors. These therapeutic responses were highly correlated to persistent maspin expression in tumors, confirmed by Western blot analysis until at least day 56 after treatment. Finally, intratumoral delivery of AAV-maspin significantly suppressed growth of LNCaP and DU145 tumors and improved survival of mice. We conclude that AAV-mediated prolonged maspin expression efficiently suppresses human prostate tumor growth in vivo by apoptosis induction and inhibition of angiogenesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)699-710
Number of pages12
JournalHuman Gene Therapy
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2005


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

Cite this