Adaptive-servo ventilation combined with deep sedation is an effective strategy during pulmonary vein isolation

Takashi Murakami, Hirosuke Yamaji, Kenji Numa, Hiroshi Kawamura, Masaaki Murakami, Shunichi Higashiya, Shigeshi Kamikawa, Kazuyoshi Hina, Satoshi Hirohata, Shozo Kusachi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

AimsPulmonary vein isolation (PVI) by catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF) requires suppression of patient restlessness by sufficient sedation in addition to maintaining stable respiration. We applied adaptive-servo ventilation (ASV) and examined the effects of ASV combined with deep propofol sedation on PVI using a NavX.Methods and resultsWe analysed 75 paroxysmal AF (PAF) patients (62 ± 11 years; 53 men and 22 women) who underwent PVI for treatment of PAF using an ASV system combined with deep sedation (ASV group). Control patients included 75 consecutive PAF patients (62 ± 11 years; 51 men and 24 women) who underwent PVI just before introduction of the ASV system. Deep sedation was defined as a Ramsay sedation score of 6. The ASV group had a lower frequency of restless body movements compared with the control group during PVI (1.5 ± 0.7 vs. 7.8 ± 1.4 times, P < 0.01). The frequency of respiratory compensation and EnGuide alignment of catheter position by the NavX was lower in the ASV (4.2 ± 3.3 and 8.8 ± 7.1 times) than control group (7.1 ± 5.1 and 15.2 ± 10.0 times, P < 0.05 and <0.01, respectively). Consequently, significantly lower total electrical energy supply (48.7 ± 6.0 KJ) was required in the ASV than control group (64.5 ± 24.9 KJ, P < 0.01). Further, significantly shorter fluoroscopy and procedural times were observed in the ASV (28 ± 5 and 109 ± 25 min) than the control group (33 ± 6 and 141 ± 38 min, respectively, P < 0.01) and the AF recurrence rate was significantly lower in the ASV than the control group (12 vs. 25%, P < 0.01).ConclusionASV combined with deep sedation is an effective strategy during PVI using the NavX in patients with PAF.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)951-956
Number of pages6
JournalEuropace
Volume15
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2013

Keywords

  • Ablation
  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Ventilatory management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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    Murakami, T., Yamaji, H., Numa, K., Kawamura, H., Murakami, M., Higashiya, S., Kamikawa, S., Hina, K., Hirohata, S., & Kusachi, S. (2013). Adaptive-servo ventilation combined with deep sedation is an effective strategy during pulmonary vein isolation. Europace, 15(7), 951-956. https://doi.org/10.1093/europace/eut007