Background: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is now a candidate therapy for children with acute respiratory failure. Case presentation: We report our experience of using central ECMO therapy for acute respiratory distress syndrome followed by seizure in a 15-month-old girl with a severe epileptic disorder. Her respiratory distress was refractory to standard medical treatment and mechanical ventilatory support. Her condition was complicated by development of a pneumothorax. The patient was successfully weaned off ECMO and discharged without deterioration of her neurological status. Conclusion: The successful outcome in this case resulted from the central ECMO, which enabled "lung rest" and adequate cerebral blood flow. In skilled ECMO facilities, early implementation of ECMO would give some advantages to patients such as the one presented here. Given the invasiveness and the ease of the procedure, introduction of dual-lumen catheters adequately sized for pediatric patients in Japan is required.
- Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
- Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO)
- Severe epileptic disorder
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health