Contents: Prostaglandin F2α (PGF) is considered to be the main luteolysin in cattle. We have previously demonstrated that cortisol (Cr) suppresses PGF production in non-pregnant bovine endometrium. This study was carried out to test whether exogenous PGF increases ovarian and/or uterine PGF production and to determine the temporal relationship between PGF and Cr in ovarian and uterine circulations during PGF-induced luteolysis in cows. Catheters were inserted into the ovarian vein (OV), uterine vein (UV) and jugular vein (JV) of 10 cows on Day 9 of the oestrous cycle (Ovulation=Day 0) for frequent blood collection. On Day 10, the cows were divided randomly into two groups and treated with a luteolytic dose of a PGF analogue (cloprostenol) or saline solution. Blood samples were collected at -0.25, 0, 0.25, 0.5, 1 and 2h and then at 2-h intervals until 12h after treatment (0h). The basal concentrations of PGF and Cr in OV and UV plasma were not significantly different. Injection of a PGF analogue induced more than twofold increases in the levels of PGF between 0.25 and 1h in UV plasma, but not in OV plasma. PGF increased (p<0.05) the concentrations of Cr in OV, UV and JV plasma between 0.5 and 1h. The Cr levels in OV, UV and JV plasma were similar. The PGF levels in UV plasma decreased after Cr reached its highest levels. The overall results suggest that the uterus rather than the ovary increases PGF production in response to PGF injection. Based on the temporal changes of PGF and Cr in the ovarian and uterine circulations, Cr may act to reduce uterine PGF production in non-pregnant cows in vivo.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Animal Science and Zoology