Activities of superior pharyngeal constrictor and levator veil palatini muscles related to respiration in dogs

Mikihiko Kogo, Susumu Tanaka, Shouichiro Ishii, Munehiro Hamaguchi, Seiji Iida, Tokuzo Matsuya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: This study, using mongrel dogs, attempted to delineate the respiratory activity of two closure muscles of the velopharynx, the levator veil palatini (LVP) and superior pharyngeal constrictor (PC) muscles. Method: Fifteen mongrel dogs were given tracheotomies, with intratracheal tubes being connected to their respiratory circuits. Activities of the PC and LVP muscles were recorded electromyographically, and the effects of Pao2 and Paco2 were analyzed along with the effects of lung inflation intratracheally with O2 and N2. Results: Under hypoxic conditions, expiratory LVP activity was observed while PC activity diminished. The effects of lung inflation on both LVP and PC activities were also studied. The activities of both muscles were enhanced by lung inflation. Conclusion: It was thus suggested that the roles of both muscles during velopharyngeal closing movements are not the same.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)338-341
Number of pages4
JournalCleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 1997



  • Levator veil palatini muscle
  • Palate
  • Pharyngeal constrictor
  • Velopharyngeal closure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oral Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology

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