The stage of neurogenesis can be divided into three steps: proliferation, migration, and differentiation. To elucidate detailed relations between these three steps after ischemia, the authors evaluated the three steps in the adult gerbil dentate gyrus (DG) after 5 min of transient global ischemia using bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU), highly polysialylated neural cell adhesion molecule (PSA-NCAM), and neuronal nuclear antigen (NeuN) and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) as markers for proliferation, migration, and differentiation, respectively. BrdU-labeled cells increased in the subgranular zone (SGZ) with a peak 10 days after ischemia. BrdU-labeled cells with PSA-NCAM expression were first detected both in the SGZ and granule cell layer (GCL) 20 days after ischemia and gradually decreased after that, whereas BrdU-labeled cells with NeuN gradually increased in the GCL until 60 days after ischemia, and a few BrdU-labeled cells with GFAP expression detected in DG after ischemia These results suggest that neural stem cell proliferation begins at the SGZ, and that the cells then migrate into the GCL and differentiate mainly into neuronal cells. The majority of these three steps finished in 2 months after transient global ischemia.
- Neural stem cells
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