Action potentials contribute to epileptic high-frequency oscillations recorded with electrodes remote from neurons

Katsuhiro Kobayashi, Tomoyuki Akiyama, Iori Ohmori, Harumi Yoshinaga, Jean Gotman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: The importance of epileptic high-frequency oscillations (HFOs) in electroencephalogram (EEG) is growing. Action potentials generating some HFOs are observed in the vicinity of neurons in experimental animals. However electrodes that are remote from neurons, as in case of clinical situations, should not record action potentials. We propose to resolve this question by a realistic simulation of epileptic neuronal network. Methods: The rat dentate gyrus with sclerosis was simulated in silico. We computed the current dipole moment generated by each granule cell and the field potentials in a measurement area far from neurons. Results: The dentate gyrus was stimulated through synaptic input to evoke discharges resembling interictal epileptiform discharges, which had superimposed HFOs ≤ 295. Hz that were recordable with remote electrodes and represented bursts of action potentials of granule cells. The increase in power of HFOs was associated with the progression of sclerosis, the reduction of GABAergic inhibition, and the increase in cell connectivity. Spectral frequency of HFOs had similar tendencies. Conclusions: HFOs recorded with electrodes remote from neurons could actually be generated by clusters of action potentials. Significance: The phenomenon of action potentials recorded with remote electrodes can possibly extend the clinical meaning of EEG.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)873-881
Number of pages9
JournalClinical Neurophysiology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2015


  • Dentate gyrus
  • Electrode
  • Epilepsy
  • High-frequency oscillations
  • Simulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sensory Systems
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Physiology (medical)


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