Across-arc variation of Li isotopes in lavas and implications for crust/mantle recycling at subduction zones

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Abstract

Li isotopes was analyzed in island arc volcanics from the Izu arc, Japan, to investigate geochemical processes in subduction zones. Li isotope ratios (δ7Li) and Li/Y of the arc lavas show clear across-arc variations, decreasing (δ7Li: +7.6 to +1.1‰, Li/Y: 0.36 to 0.25) with increasing depth to the Wadati-Benioff zone (150 to 210 km). This suggests that the amount of subduction component as a fluid added to the source region decreases with depth. δ7Li-Y/Li systematics of the arc lavas clearly indicate a simple mixing between two distinctive chemically homogenous endmembers, a slab-derived fluid and the mantle wedge. Furthermore, Li-B-Pb isotope systematics allow clear discrimination between the relative contribution of altered oceanic crust (AOC), oceanic sediment and mantle wedge to arc lavas, and suggests that AOC is the dominant subduction component, whereas the contribution of oceanic sediment is extremely small (AOC/oceanic sediment = 97/3). The contrasting physicochemical properties for Li and B in mineral structures imply that Li may be less likely to migrate from the slab into the overlying mantle wedge than B. Thus the Li isotopic composition in the Earth's surface material evolved under near-surface condition, could be more efficiently introduced into the deep mantle through subduction zones than the B isotopic signature, making Li isotopes a powerful geochemical tracer for better understanding of crust/mantle recycling.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)167-174
Number of pages8
JournalEarth and Planetary Science Letters
Volume163
Issue number1-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1998

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recycling
Isotopes
subduction zone
Recycling
crusts
Earth mantle
arcs
isotopes
isotope
crust
mantle
Sediments
wedges
oceanic crust
sediments
slab
slabs
subduction
Fluids
sediment

Keywords

  • Crust
  • Island arcs
  • Isotopes
  • Lithium
  • Mantle
  • Subduction zones

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Geophysics

Cite this

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title = "Across-arc variation of Li isotopes in lavas and implications for crust/mantle recycling at subduction zones",
abstract = "Li isotopes was analyzed in island arc volcanics from the Izu arc, Japan, to investigate geochemical processes in subduction zones. Li isotope ratios (δ7Li) and Li/Y of the arc lavas show clear across-arc variations, decreasing (δ7Li: +7.6 to +1.1‰, Li/Y: 0.36 to 0.25) with increasing depth to the Wadati-Benioff zone (150 to 210 km). This suggests that the amount of subduction component as a fluid added to the source region decreases with depth. δ7Li-Y/Li systematics of the arc lavas clearly indicate a simple mixing between two distinctive chemically homogenous endmembers, a slab-derived fluid and the mantle wedge. Furthermore, Li-B-Pb isotope systematics allow clear discrimination between the relative contribution of altered oceanic crust (AOC), oceanic sediment and mantle wedge to arc lavas, and suggests that AOC is the dominant subduction component, whereas the contribution of oceanic sediment is extremely small (AOC/oceanic sediment = 97/3). The contrasting physicochemical properties for Li and B in mineral structures imply that Li may be less likely to migrate from the slab into the overlying mantle wedge than B. Thus the Li isotopic composition in the Earth's surface material evolved under near-surface condition, could be more efficiently introduced into the deep mantle through subduction zones than the B isotopic signature, making Li isotopes a powerful geochemical tracer for better understanding of crust/mantle recycling.",
keywords = "Crust, Island arcs, Isotopes, Lithium, Mantle, Subduction zones",
author = "Takuya Moriguti and Eizou Nakamura",
year = "1998",
month = "11",
doi = "10.1016/S0012-821X(98)00184-8",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Across-arc variation of Li isotopes in lavas and implications for crust/mantle recycling at subduction zones

AU - Moriguti, Takuya

AU - Nakamura, Eizou

PY - 1998/11

Y1 - 1998/11

N2 - Li isotopes was analyzed in island arc volcanics from the Izu arc, Japan, to investigate geochemical processes in subduction zones. Li isotope ratios (δ7Li) and Li/Y of the arc lavas show clear across-arc variations, decreasing (δ7Li: +7.6 to +1.1‰, Li/Y: 0.36 to 0.25) with increasing depth to the Wadati-Benioff zone (150 to 210 km). This suggests that the amount of subduction component as a fluid added to the source region decreases with depth. δ7Li-Y/Li systematics of the arc lavas clearly indicate a simple mixing between two distinctive chemically homogenous endmembers, a slab-derived fluid and the mantle wedge. Furthermore, Li-B-Pb isotope systematics allow clear discrimination between the relative contribution of altered oceanic crust (AOC), oceanic sediment and mantle wedge to arc lavas, and suggests that AOC is the dominant subduction component, whereas the contribution of oceanic sediment is extremely small (AOC/oceanic sediment = 97/3). The contrasting physicochemical properties for Li and B in mineral structures imply that Li may be less likely to migrate from the slab into the overlying mantle wedge than B. Thus the Li isotopic composition in the Earth's surface material evolved under near-surface condition, could be more efficiently introduced into the deep mantle through subduction zones than the B isotopic signature, making Li isotopes a powerful geochemical tracer for better understanding of crust/mantle recycling.

AB - Li isotopes was analyzed in island arc volcanics from the Izu arc, Japan, to investigate geochemical processes in subduction zones. Li isotope ratios (δ7Li) and Li/Y of the arc lavas show clear across-arc variations, decreasing (δ7Li: +7.6 to +1.1‰, Li/Y: 0.36 to 0.25) with increasing depth to the Wadati-Benioff zone (150 to 210 km). This suggests that the amount of subduction component as a fluid added to the source region decreases with depth. δ7Li-Y/Li systematics of the arc lavas clearly indicate a simple mixing between two distinctive chemically homogenous endmembers, a slab-derived fluid and the mantle wedge. Furthermore, Li-B-Pb isotope systematics allow clear discrimination between the relative contribution of altered oceanic crust (AOC), oceanic sediment and mantle wedge to arc lavas, and suggests that AOC is the dominant subduction component, whereas the contribution of oceanic sediment is extremely small (AOC/oceanic sediment = 97/3). The contrasting physicochemical properties for Li and B in mineral structures imply that Li may be less likely to migrate from the slab into the overlying mantle wedge than B. Thus the Li isotopic composition in the Earth's surface material evolved under near-surface condition, could be more efficiently introduced into the deep mantle through subduction zones than the B isotopic signature, making Li isotopes a powerful geochemical tracer for better understanding of crust/mantle recycling.

KW - Crust

KW - Island arcs

KW - Isotopes

KW - Lithium

KW - Mantle

KW - Subduction zones

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