Radiochromic film (RC-film) is of great interest as a film-type dosimeter for radiation oncology applications. We present a two-dimensional image-based evaluation of the measurement accuracy of a commercial RC-film product (Gafchromic MD-55-2 film, ISP TECHNOLOGIES, Inc.) by using a commercial Laser Densitometer (Model 1710, Computerized Medical Systems, Inc.) as an optical density imaging system. The coefficient of variation of the density (pixel-value) in one sample was approximately 3% to 11% at 3 Gy or less, and 3% or less at 4 to 60 Gy. Although the coefficient of variation between three samples at the same dose was about 14% at 1 Gy, it decreased as the dose increased, reaching several percent. In 1 to 6 Gy samples, geometric imaging artifacts [interference (moire) patterns] were observed, and it was found that scan-sampling pitch influenced the accuracy of measurement of the density of the sample. To improve the accuracy of density measurement, sufficient knowledge about characteristic features of the density measuring system is essential.
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