The generation and accumulation of both benzoic acid (BA) and its conjugates were induced in suspension cultured cells of Pinus thunbergii by administering either phenylacetic acid (PA), a toxic metabolite of Bacillus cereus (strain HY-3) accompanying the pine wood nematode, or a lyophilized culture supernatant of this bacterium. BA conjugates reached their maximal levels in quantity two days after the administration and then decreased gradually until the 14th day, while BA increased significantly throughout this period. This pattern is similar to that in 3-year-old pine trees treated with PA, suggesting that the pathological reaction of pine tissues to the PA toxin might be involved in the pathogenesis mechanism for the pine wilt disease.
- phenylacetic acid administration
- cultured pine cells
- benzoic acid generation
- Pinus thunbergii
- Bacillus cereus