Abscisic acid activation of plasma membrane Ca2+ channels in guard cells requires cytosolic NAD(P)H and is differentially disrupted upstream and downstream of reactive oxygen species production in abi1-1 and abi2-1 protein phosphatase 2C mutants

Y. Murata, Z. M. Pei, I. C. Mori, J. Schroeder

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The hormone abscisic acid (ABA) regulates stress responses and developmental processes in plants. Calcium-permeable channels activated by reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been shown recently to function in the ABA signaling network in Arabidopsis guard cells. Here, we report that ABA activation of these ICa Ca2+ channels requires the presence of NAD(P)H in the cytosol. The protein phosphatase 2C (PP2C) mutant abi1-1 disrupted ABA activation of ICa channels. Moreover, in abi1-1, ABA did not induce ROS production. Consistent with these findings, in abi1-1, H2O2 activation of ICa channels and H2O2-induced stomatal closing were not disrupted, suggesting that abi1-1 impairs ABA signaling between ABA reception and ROS production. The abi2-1 mutation, which lies in a distinct PP2C gene, also disrupted ABA activation of ICa. However, in contrast to abi1-1, abi2-1 impaired both H2O2 activation of ICa and H2O2-induced stomatal closing. Furthermore, ABA elicited ROS production in abi2-1. These data suggest a model with the following sequence of events in early ABA signal transduction: ABA, abi1-1, NAD(P)H-dependent ROS production, abi2-1, ICa Ca2+ channel activation followed by stomatal closing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2513-2523
Number of pages11
JournalPlant Cell
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Dec 31 2001
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science
  • Cell Biology

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