A unique photosystem I reaction center from a chlorophyll d-containing cyanobacterium Acaryochloris marina

Caihuang Xu, Qingjun Zhu, Jing-Hua Chen, Liangliang Shen, Xiaohan Yi, Zihui Huang, Wenda Wang, Min Chen, Tingyun Kuang, Jian-Ren Shen, Xing Zhang, Guangye Han

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Photosystem I (PSI) is a large protein supercomplex that catalyzes the light-dependent oxidation of plastocyanin (or cytochrome c6 ) and the reduction of ferredoxin. This catalytic reaction is realized by a transmembrane electron transfer chain consisting of primary electon donor (a special chlorophyll (Chl) pair) and electron acceptors A0 , A1 and three Fe4 S4 clusters, FX , FA , and FB . Here we report the PSI structure from a Chl d-dominated cyanobacterium Acaryochloris marina (A. marina) at 3.3 Å resolution obtained by single-particle cryo-electron microscopy. The A. marina PSI exists as a trimer with three identical monomers. Surprisingly, the structure reveals a unique composition of electron transfer chain in which the primary electron acceptor A0 is composed of two pheophytin a rather than Chl a found in any other well-known PSI structures. A novel subunit Psa27 is observed in the A. marina PSI structure. In addition, 77 Chls, 13 α-carotenes, two phylloquinones, three Fe-S clusters, two phosphatidyl glycerols and one monogalactosyl-diglyceride were identified in each PSI monomer. Our results provide a structural basis for deciphering the mechanism of photosynthesis in a PSI complex with Chl d as the dominating pigments and absorbing far red-light. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Integrative Plant Biology
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - May 17 2021

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