A study on NO reduction caused by thermal cracking hydrocarbons during rich diesel combustion

Hirofumi Noge, Yoshiyuki Kidoguchi, Kei Miwa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study tries to investigate the reduction of nitric oxide by thermally cracked hydrocarbons under rich condition during diesel combustion. Experiments using flow reactor system, which follows the chemical process of fuel at high temperature and atmospheric pressure, show that thermal cracking of fuel starts at about 1 000 K, and lower hydrocarbons mainly composed of C2H4 and CH4 are formed. NO can be reduced when fuel is thermally cracked and oxidized. A larger amount of NO is reduced when thermal cracking hydrocarbons are increased in quantity under rich and high temperature condition. Among decomposed hydrocarbons, C2H4 is easily decomposed and affects deNO mechanism. Chemical kinetic calculation using CHEMKIN III reveals the mechanism. NO is reduced through the reaction of HCCO or CH2 with NO. In these reaction paths, C2H2 is an essential species. The computation also shows that this deNO mechanism can be actualized in the practical diesel combustion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)526-532
Number of pages7
JournalJSME International Journal, Series B: Fluids and Thermal Engineering
Volume49
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 15 2006

Keywords

  • Chemical reaction
  • Combustion
  • Combustion products
  • Diesel fuel
  • Hydrocarbon
  • NOx
  • Thermal cracking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

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