A streak camera study of superfluorescence at multiple wavelengths from helium atoms excited using free electron laser pulses

James R. Harries, Hiroshi Iwayama, Mitsuru Nagasono, Tadashi Togashi, Makina Yabashi, Susumu Kuma, Kyo Nakajima, Yuki Miyamoto, Chiaki Ohae, Noboru Sasao, Eiji Shigemasa

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Abstract

Abstract We report the observation of superfluourescence at wavelengths (in air) of 501.6 nm, 667.8 nm, and 728.1 nm following the excitation of helium atoms with free-electron laser pulses at wavelengths of 53.7 nm (n = 3 excitation) and 52.2 nm (n = 4 excitation). The observed wavelengths of the superfluorescence pulses correspond to 1s3p-1s2s, 1s3d-1s2p, and 1s3s-1s2p transitions. Observation of superfluorescence on these transitions implies either competing cascade decays, or direct excitation of non-dipole allowed transitions. We have studied the time structure of the emitted pulses using a streak camera, and the results cannot be explained by straightforward considerations using the usual model for two-level superfluorescence.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105002
JournalJournal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics
Volume48
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 28 2015

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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