A staged decompression of right ventricle allows growth of right ventricle and subsequent biventricular repair in patients with pulmonary atresia and intact ventricular septum

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OBJECTIVES: To achieve the growth of right-sided heart structures, our choice of the first palliation for patients with pulmonary atresia and intact ventricular septum (PA-IVS) includes a modified Blalock-Taussig shunt (BTS) with pulmonary valvotomy. We sought to analyse the impact of the first palliation on the growth of right-sided heart structures and factors associated with a choice of definitive surgical procedure. METHODS: Fifty patients with PA-IVS who underwent a staged surgical approach from 1991 to 2012 were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: Right ventricular (RV)-coronary artery fistulas were seen in 42% of patients at the time of birth. All 50 patients had a modified BTS with pulmonary valvotomy. Six patients died after the first palliation or inter-stage. Thirty patients achieved a biventricular repair (BVR group), 6 patients had a 1 + 1/2 ventricular repair (1 + 1/2V group) and 5 patients had a Fontan completion (Fontan group). After modified BTS with pulmonary valvotomy, tricuspid valve z-score did not increase in any of the group (BVR: pre -2.79 vs post -2.24, 1 + 1/2V: pre -5.25 vs post -6.69, Fontan: pre -6.82 vs post -7.94). Normalized RV end-diastolic volume increased only in BVR group after modified BTS with pulmonary valvotomy (BVR: pre 32% vs post 64%, 1 + 1/2V: pre 43% vs post 42%, Fontan: pre 29% vs post 32%). Major RV-coronary artery fistula was a strong factor with proceeding single-ventricle palliation [BVR: 4/30 (13%) patients, 1 + 1/2V: 1/6 (17%) and Fontan: 4/5 (80%)]. CONCLUSIONS: Tricuspid valve growth was not obtained by modified BTS with pulmonary valvotomy; therefore, tricuspid valve size at birth appeared to be a predictor for achieving BVR. Proportionate RV growth was seen only in patients who achieved BVR. However, RV growth was not seen in patients having 1 + 1/2 ventricular repair. Major RV-coronary artery fistula was a strong predictor for proceeding single-ventricle palliation.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberezw124
Pages (from-to)298-303
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2016



  • Biventricular repair
  • Pulmonary atresia and intact ventricular septum
  • Right ventricle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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