A simple detection system for adenovirus receptor expression using a telomerase-specific replication-competent adenovirus

T. Sasaki, H. Tazawa, J. Hasei, S. Osaki, T. Kunisada, A. Yoshida, Y. Hashimoto, S. Yano, R. Yoshida, S. Kagawa, F. Uno, Y. Urata, T. Ozaki, T. Fujiwara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Adenovirus serotype 5 (Ad5) is frequently used as an effective vector for induction of therapeutic transgenes in cancer gene therapy or of tumor cell lysis in oncolytic virotherapy. Ad5 can infect target cells through binding with the coxsackie and adenovirus receptor (CAR). Thus, the infectious ability of Ad5-based vectors depends on the CAR expression level in target cells. There are conventional methods to evaluate the CAR expression level in human target cells, including flow cytometry, western blotting and immunohistochemistry. Here, we show a simple system for detection and assessment of functional CAR expression in human tumor cells, using the green fluorescent protein (GFP)-expressing telomerase-specific replication-competent adenovirus OBP-401. OBP-401 infection induced detectable GFP expression in CAR-expressing tumor cells, but not in CAR-negative tumor cells, nor in CAR-positive normal fibroblasts, 24 h after infection. OBP-401-mediated GFP expression was significantly associated with CAR expression in tumor cells. OBP-401 infection detected tumor cells with low CAR expression more efficiently than conventional methods. OBP-401 also distinguished CAR-positive tumor tissues from CAR-negative tumor and normal tissues in biopsy samples. These results suggest that GFP-expressing telomerase-specific replication-competent adenovirus is a very potent diagnostic tool for assessment of functional CAR expression in tumor cells for Ad5-based antitumor therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)112-118
Number of pages7
JournalGene Therapy
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2013

Keywords

  • GFP
  • adenovirus
  • oncolytic virus
  • sarcoma
  • telomerase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

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