A precursor, p105, for one of the subunits (p50) of the NF-κB transcription factor, plays an important role in inducible expression of diverse cellular genes, p105 also functions as a cytoplasmic inhibitor for NF-κB, and the proteolytic processing of its inhibitory C-terminal region is required for generation of active NF-κB. Here, it is reported that the human p105 C-terminal region is phosphorylated in vivo on Ser894 and Ser908, which are potential phosphorylation sites in vitro for proline-directed serine/threonine kinases such as cyclin-dependent kinase. Furthermore, the mutation of these in vivo phosphorylation sites retards p105 processing in vivo, suggesting that p105 processing is regulated in a phosphorylation-dependent manner.
- Transcription factor
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