A rescue robot system for collecting information designed for ease of use - A proposal of a rescue systems concept

Kazuyuki Ito, Zhixiao Yang, Kazuhiko Saijo, Kazuyuki Hirotsune, Akio Gofuku, Fumitoshi Matsuno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A remote controlled robot for collecting information in disasters, e.g. earthquakes, is one of most effective applications of robots, because it is very dangerous for human beings to locate survivors in collapsed buildings and, in addition, small robots can move into narrow spaces to find survivors. However, previous rescue systems that use robots have a significant problem - a shortage of operators. In catastrophic disasters, in order to save victims, we must explore wide areas within a limited time. Thus, many rescue robots should be employed simultaneously. However, human interfaces of previous rescue robots were complicated, so that well-trained professional operators were needed to operate the robots and, thus, to use many rescue robots, many professional operators were required. However, in such catastrophic disasters it is difficult to get many professional operators together within a short time. In this paper we address the problem and propose a concept of rescue team organization in which professional rescue staff and volunteer staff work together for handling a catastrophic disaster. We point out the necessity for rescue robots which can be operated, easily by non-professional volunteer staff. To realize a rescue robot which can be operated easily, we propose a rescue robot system which has a human interface seen in typical, everyday vehicles and a snake-like robot which has mechanical intelligence. We have demonstrated the validity and the effectiveness of the proposed concept by developing a prototype system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)249-272
Number of pages24
JournalAdvanced Robotics
Volume19
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005

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Robots
Disasters
Earthquakes

Keywords

  • Ease of use
  • Human interface
  • Mechanical intelligence
  • Rescue robot
  • Snake-like robot

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering

Cite this

A rescue robot system for collecting information designed for ease of use - A proposal of a rescue systems concept. / Ito, Kazuyuki; Yang, Zhixiao; Saijo, Kazuhiko; Hirotsune, Kazuyuki; Gofuku, Akio; Matsuno, Fumitoshi.

In: Advanced Robotics, Vol. 19, No. 3, 2005, p. 249-272.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ito, Kazuyuki ; Yang, Zhixiao ; Saijo, Kazuhiko ; Hirotsune, Kazuyuki ; Gofuku, Akio ; Matsuno, Fumitoshi. / A rescue robot system for collecting information designed for ease of use - A proposal of a rescue systems concept. In: Advanced Robotics. 2005 ; Vol. 19, No. 3. pp. 249-272.
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