Normal human cells stop proliferation after a certain number of cell divisions. This phenomenon is called cellular aging. The fact that the senescence phenotype is dominant and the immortal one is recessive indicates that immortalization of human cells may be caused by loss of functions of certain genes in normal cells. Based on this evidence, several cDNA clones whose expression was down-regulated during the immortalization process of human cells were isolated by the representative difference analysis (RDA) system in our laboratory. One of them, which was named REIC, was expressed to a lower degree in three human immortalized cell lines as compared with their parental normal counterparts. In addition, the expression of REIC was markedly lower in eight human tumor-derived cell lines (Hep3B and HuH-7 hepatocellular carcinomas, HuH-6 Clone 5 hepatoblastoma, HuCCT-1 cholangiocarcinoma, A549 lung cancer, HaCaT immortalized keratinocyte, HeLa cervical carcinoma, and Saos-2 osteosarcoma). In contrast, among the human tissues examined, the heart and brain, which contain a large number of post-mitotic cells, showed the highest expression of REIC. The fall-length REIC cDNA revealed that the predicted protein is 350 amino acids in length and possesses coiled-coil tertiary structures in each of the amino- and carboxyl-termini. Furthermore, a search of the protein database revealed a match of this gene product with Dkk-3, which is a novel inhibitor of Wnt oncogene. These results indicate that the REIC cloned by us may function as a tumor suppressor. (C) 2000 Academic Press.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 5 2000|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology