The submental artery usually runs anteriorly on the inferior surface of the mylohyoid muscle, giving branches to that muscle and to the anterior belly of the digastric muscle, finally supplying the submental skin. Branches of it often perforate the mylohyoid muscle and enter the sublingual space. During a routine anatomy dissection, we encountered a case in which the main trunk of the submental artery perforated the mylohyoid muscle, where the sublingual artery usually runs. No branches coursed anteriorly to supply the submental skin. To our knowledge, this submental artery variation has not been reported in the English literature. Any surgical procedure in the submandibular area, such as the axial pattern submental local flap, requires knowledge of such arterial variations.
- Head and neck surgery
- Oral cancer
- Reconstructive surgery
- Submental flap
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging