Twenty-nine patients aged 60-75 years with newly diagnosed acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) were randomized to receive BHAC-DM either at a reduced dose (S-1 group, n = 13; BHAC 150 mg/m2 1-7 day, DNR 30 mg/m2 1-3 day, 6MP 70 mg/m2 1-7 day) or the conventional dose (S-2 group, n = 16; BHAC 200 mg/m2 1-7 day, DNR 40 mg/m2 1-3 day, 6MP 70 mg/m2 1-7 day). On day 7, patients were given therapy for 2 more days if the ratio of blasts in their bone marrow was more than 15%. Granulocyte-colony stimulating factor was injected when the leukocyte count decreased below 1,000/microliter. The rates of complete remission were 46.2% in the S-1 group and 43.8% in the S-2 group. No significant differences in response distinguished the 2 groups. The mortality rate during myelosuppression was 1/13 in the S-1 group and 1/16 in the S-2 group. The rate of treatment-related death was 10.1% for all patients. Grade-4 adverse effects were not seen in any of the patients. We concluded that the conventional dose of BHAC-DM was as acceptable as the reduced dose in elderly patients with AML.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||[Rinshō ketsueki] The Japanese journal of clinical hematology|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 2000|
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