A randomized phase 3 trial evaluating antithrombin gamma treatment in Japanese patients with early-onset severe preeclampsia (KOUNO-TORI study): Study protocol

Shigeru Saito, Kenichi Takagi, Junji Moriya, Takao Kobayashi, Naohiro Kanayama, Hiroshi Sameshima, Mamoru Morikawa, Haruhiko Sago, Tomoko Adachi, Akihide Ohkuchi, Satoru Takeda, Hisashi Masuyama, Hiroyuki Seki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Preeclampsia is a leading cause of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. Several studies have demonstrated the beneficial effects of antithrombin replacement in patients with preeclampsia. Here, we describe the study protocol of KOUNO-TORI (KW-3357 randOmized, mUlti-center, double-bliNd, placebO-controlled phase 3 sTudy in patients with early Onset pReeclampsIa) to evaluate recombinant human antithrombin gamma (rhAT-gamma) for the treatment of early-onset severe de novo preeclampsia. Material and methods: Patients with early-onset severe de novo preeclampsia who are ≥24 to <32 weeks pregnant at the time of registration and have an antithrombin activity of ≤100% at screening are included. The target population is selected based on a reanalysis of the data of a previous plasma-derived antithrombin phase 3 study. Primary endpoint is the prolongation of pregnancy from the initiation of rhAT-gamma treatment to the pregnancy termination. Secondary endpoints include gestational age in terms of achievement of 32- and 34-weeks'gestation, and gestational age in terms of achievement of 28 weeks' gestation for patients enrolled at <28 weeks' gestation. Maternal, fetal, and neonatal outcomes will be assessed. Discussion: As we have selected a specifically defined target population based on reanalysis of data of a previous plasma-derived antithrombin phase 3 study, the results of our study are expected to provide efficacy and safety data concerning rhAT-gamma treatment in Japanese patients. This study could help identify an effective novel treatment for such patients with early-onset severe preeclampsia for whom appropriate treatment is unavailable.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106490
JournalContemporary Clinical Trials
Volume107
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2021

Keywords

  • Antithrombin gamma
  • Hypertension
  • Preeclampsia
  • Randomized phase 3 trial
  • Study protocol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)

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