What is known and objective: We conducted a pilot clinical trial to investigate whether Hangeshashinto (TJ-14) could be substituted for oral alkalization in patients scheduled to undergo chemotherapy by FOLFIRI.3 regimen for colorectal cancer (CRC). Methods: Patients with CRC were randomized 1:1 to a TJ-14 (7.5 g/day) group or an oral alkalization (sodium bicarbonate, 1.8 g/day; ursodeoxycholic acid, 300 mg/day) group. The primary endpoint was incident of late-onset diarrhoea. A total of 30 patients were randomized to either the TJ-14 group or the alkalization group. Results and discussion: There was no statistical difference in age, concomitantly used drugs or UGT1A1 genotypes between the groups. In the alkalization group (n = 15), the frequency of grade 0/1/2 and grade 3 diarrhoea was 73% and 27%, respectively. In the TJ-14 group (n = 14), the frequency of grade 0/1/2 and grade 3 diarrhoea was 79% and 21%, respectively. Grade 4 diarrhoea was not observed in either group. There was no statistically significant difference in other adverse events or in response to FOLFIRI.3 between the groups. What is new and conclusion: This pilot trial suggests that TJ-14 is a promising alternative treatment option to reduce FOLFIRI.3-induced late-onset diarrhoea, although additional clinical study with a larger number of patients is necessary to confirm these results.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology (medical)