A protein factor is essential for in situ reactivation of glycerol-inactivated adenosylcobalamin-dependent diol dehydratase

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21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The adenosylcobalamin-dependent diol dehydratase of Klebsiella oxytoca undergoes suicidal inactivation by glycerol during catalysis involving irreversible dissociation of the Co–C bond of the coenzyme. The glycerol-inactivated holoenzyme in permeabilized cells (in situ) of E. coli harboring a plasmid containing the diol dehydratase genes and their flanking regions was rapidly reactivated in the presence of free AdoCbl, ATP, and Mg2+. β,γ-Methylene ATP was not able to replace ATP. Inactive complexes of the enzyme with aqCbl, CN-Cbl, and PeCbl were activated in situ in the presence of AdoCbl, ATP, and Mg2+, but the complex with AdePeCbl was not. These results suggest that the inactivated holoenzyme is reactivated in situ in the presence of ATP and Mg2+by exchange of the inactivated coenzyme lacking the adenine moiety for free intact AdoCbl. The in situ reactivation was also observed when an analog lacking the α-ribose moiety of the nucleotide loop was used as coenzyme. The results with a recombinant E. coli strains carrying a deletion mutant plasmid demonstrate that certain protein(s) encoded by the 3′-flanking region of the diol dehydratase genes are essential for the in situ reactivation of inactivated diol dehydratase.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1729-1733
Number of pages5
JournalBioscience, Biotechnology and Biochemistry
Volume61
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1997

Keywords

  • Adenosylcobalamin
  • Diol dehydratase
  • Reactivating factor
  • Suicide inactivation
  • Vitamin B

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Organic Chemistry

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