A posterior shiny-corner lesion of the tibia is observed in the early phase after medial meniscus posterior root tear

Yuki Okazaki, Takayuki Furumatsu, Yuya Kajiki, Takaaki Hiranaka, Keisuke Kintaka, Yuya Kodama, Yusuke Kamatsuki, Toshifumi Ozaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Backgrounds: Medial meniscus (MM) posterior root tear (PRT) results in joint overloading and degenerative changes in the knee, and pullout repair is recommended to prevent subsequent osteoarthritis. Diagnosing MMPRT is sometimes difficult, especially in the case of an incomplete tear. A posterior shiny-corner lesion (PSCL) is reported to be useful for diagnosis, although the association between MMPRT and PSCL is unknown. This study aimed to investigate the properties of PSCL, such as the location, volume, and duration from injury to the time of MRI (duration). We hypothesized that PSCL is observed in the early phase after the MMPRT onset. Methods: T2-weighted fat-suppression magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was obtained from 55 patients with MMPRT preoperatively. The prevalence of the PSCL; giraffe neck, cleft, and ghost signs; severe MM extrusion (> 3 mm); and the PSCL volume were evaluated. The PSCL lesion elliptical volume (mm3) was calculated by measuring the anteroposterior, transverse, and craniocaudal dimensions. Results: PSCL was observed in 34 (62%) cases. The mean volume of the PSCL was 102.0 mm3. A significantly shorter duration was observed in the PSCL-positive group (5.6 weeks) than that in the PSCL-negative group (40.9 weeks, P < 0.01), although no significant correlation was observed between the PSCL volume and duration. The sensitivity for the MMPRT was 90.5% when the cut-off duration value was 3 weeks and 81.8% when the cut-off value was 8 weeks. Conclusions: MRI examination may detect PSCL if it is performed early following MMPRT onset. Detecting PSCL may be useful in diagnosing MMPRT with high sensitivity.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Diagnosis
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Medial meniscus
  • Posterior root tear
  • Posterior shiny-corner lesion
  • Sensitivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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