A phase II study of topotecan and cisplatin with sequential thoracic radiotherapy in elderly patients with small-cell lung cancer: Okayama Lung Cancer Study Group 0102

Toshio Kubo, Keiichi Fujiwara, Katsuyuki Hotta, Toshiaki Okada, Shoichi Kuyama, Shingo Harita, Takashi Ninomiya, Haruhito Kamei, Shinobu Hosokawa, Akihiro Bessho, Tadashi Maeda, Toshiyuki Kozuki, Nobukazu Fujimoto, Kiichiro Ninomiya, Mitsuhiro Takemoto, Susumu Kanazawa, Nagio Takigawa, Masahiro Tabata, Mitsune Tanimoto, Hiroshi UeokaKatsuyuki Kiura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: The treatment outcome in elderly patients with limited-disease small-cell lung cancer (LD-SCLC) remains poor. We carried out a phase II trial of split topotecan and cisplatin (TP) therapy and sequential thoracic radiotherapy for elderly LD-SCLC patients as a follow-up to our previous phase I trial. Methods: In total, 30 patients aged 76 years or older, with untreated LD-SCLC were enrolled. Four courses of topotecan (1.0 mg/m2, days 1–3) and cisplatin (20 mg/m2, days 1–3) were administered, followed by thoracic radiotherapy (1.8 Gy/day, total of 45 Gy). The primary end point was the overall response rate (ORR). Results: The trial was terminated early with 22 patients because of slow accrual. Their median age was 79 years. The median number of courses of chemotherapy administered was three, and the actual completion rate of the entire treatment course was 41 %. The ORR was 68 % with a 95 % confidence interval of 47–89 % (15/22 cases). The median progression-free survival and overall survival were 9.1 and 22.2 months, respectively. The main toxicity was myelosuppression, with grades 3–4 neutropenia (96 %), thrombocytopenia (50 %), and febrile neutropenia (32 %). Conclusions: This regimen produced a favorable survival outcome, despite moderate-to-severe toxicity profiles. Further efforts are necessary to define an optimal regimen for elderly patients with limited SCLC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)769-774
Number of pages6
JournalCancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
Volume78
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2016

Keywords

  • Chemotherapy
  • Elderly patient
  • Lung cancer
  • Topotecan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology
  • Cancer Research
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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