Background: Although cisplatin-based chemotherapy combined with thoracic irradiation (TRT) is a standard treatment for unresectable, locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), this treatment outcome has remained unsatisfactory. We had previously conducted a phase I trial of cisplatin plus S-1, an oral 5-fluorouracil derivative, and TRT, which were safe and effective. Methods: In this phase II trial, 48 patients with stage III NSCLC received cisplatin (40mg/m2 on days 1, 8, 29 and 36) and S-1 (80mg/m2 on days 1-14 and 29-42) and TRT (60Gy). The primary endpoint was the response rate. Results: A partial response was observed in 37 patients (77%; 95% confidence interval: 63-88%). At a median follow up of 54 months, the median progression-free survival and median survival time were 9.3 and 31.3 months, respectively. No difference in efficacy was observed when the patients were stratified by histology. Toxicities were generally mild except for grade 3 or worse febrile neutropenia and pneumonitis of 8% and 4%, respectively. No patient developed severe esophagitis. At the time of this analysis, 35 (73%) of the 48 patients recurred; 15 (31%) showed distant metastasis, 17 (35%) had loco-regional disease, and 2 (4%) showed both loco-regional disease and distant metastasis. Conclusions: This chemoradiotherapy regimen yielded a relatively favorable efficacy with mild toxicities in patients with locally advanced NSCLC.
- Phase II trial
- Stage III
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cancer Research