A phase I study and pharmacokinetics of irinotecan (CPT-11) and paclitaxel in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer

Katsuyuki Hotta, Hiroshi Ueoka, Katsuyuki Kiura, Masahiro Tabata, Shoichi Kuyama, Ken Satoh, Toshiyuki Kozuki, Akiko Hisamoto, Shinobu Hosokawa, Keiichi Fujiwara, Mitsune Tanimoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: To determine the maximum-tolerated dose (MTD) of irinotecan and paclitaxel in this two-drug combination, and to investigate a sequence-dependent effect in the pharmacokinetics of these drugs, we conducted a phase I study in chemo-naïve patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Patients and methods: Patients with stage IIIB/IV NSCLC were enrolled in this study. Both irinotecan and paclitaxel were administered on days 1 and 8, and repeated every 3 weeks. The starting dose of both drugs was 40 mg/m2 which was then alternately increased by 10 mg/m2 increments. In the first cycle, irinotecan was initially administered and followed by paclitaxel infusion, while the sequence of drug administration was reversed in the second cycle. Blood samples for pharmacokinetic analysis were obtained on day 1 of the first and second cycles. Results: Nine patients received a total of 12 cycles, which were evaluated for toxicity and efficacy. The main hematological toxicity was neutropenia. Grades 3 or more neutropenia was observed in 67% of cycles at dose level 2. The main non-hematological toxicities were grade 3 febrile neutropenia, supraventricular arrhythmia, and grade 2 hepatic dysfunction. The MTD of irinotecan and paclitaxel were 40 and 50 mg/m2, respectively. In the pharmacokinetic analysis, the maximum concentration of paclitaxel was elevated in a dose-dependent manner. There was a trend toward elevation of the area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC) of irinotecan and a decline of the AUC of paclitaxel in cycle 1 (irinotecan followed by paclitaxel), compared with those in cycle 2 (paclitaxel followed by irinotecan). Hepatic toxicity was strongly associated with the AUC of irinotecan (r=0.894,P<0. 0001). The objective response was not observed in the nine patients. Conclusion: The combination of irinotecan and paclitaxel with this schedule produced considerable toxicities without any antitumor effect for advanced NSCLC. The different schedule of administration or other combinations should be investigated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)77-84
Number of pages8
JournalLung Cancer
Volume45
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2004

Keywords

  • Irinotecan
  • Non-platinum regimen
  • Non-small cell lung cancer
  • Paclitaxel
  • Pharmacokinetics
  • Phase I study

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cancer Research

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