Cisplatin-based chemotherapy is considered to be a standard treatment in patients with relapsed or extensive-disease (ED) small-cell lung cancer (SCLC), the survival benefit remains modest. Relapsed or ED-SCLC patients were enrolled. Topotecan and amrubicin were administered on Days 1-5 and on Days 3-5, respectively. Nine patients received a total of 24 cycles. Since all three patients experienced dose-limiting toxicity (grade 4 neutropenia lasting for more than 4 days, grade 3 febrile neutropenia, and grade 4 thrombocytopenia) at the third dose level (topotecan: 0.75 mg/m2, amrubicin 40 mg/m2), the maximum tolerated dose was determined to be this dose level. Objective response was observed in six patients (67%). The maximum concentration (Cmax) and area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC) of amrubicin increased in a dose-dependent manner. Amrubicin did not influence the pharmacokinetics of topotecan. The Cmax and AUC of amrubicin were correlated with the duration of grade 4 neutropenia. The mean Cmax of topotecan on day 2 in responders (22.9 ± 3.6) was significantly higher than that in non-responders (10.9 ± 0.4). This phase I study showed the safety and activity of two-drug combination of amrubicin and topotecan in patients with relapsed or ED-SCLC.
- Lung cancer
- Phase I trial
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cancer Research