Purpose: Gemcitabine (Gem) with paclitaxel (Pac) is used for patients with metastatic breast cancer who require cytoreduction with manageable toxicities. Nanoparticle albumin-bound (nab)-Pac exhibits better efficacy and reduces the risk of hypersensitivity reactions associated with solvent-based Pac. Therefore, Gem plus nab-Pac (GA) therapy may be effective for metastatic breast cancer. The purpose of this study was to determine the maximum tolerated dose for GA therapy. Methods: The subjects were patients with metastatic breast cancer with performance status 0 or 1 and normal hepatic, renal and marrow function. Leukopenia, neutropenia or thrombocytopenia of grade 4, neutropenic fever, or non-hematological toxicity of grade 3 or higher during the 1st cycle, and chemotherapy-induced peripheral neurotoxicity of grade 2 or higher at the end of the 1st cycle were defined as dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs). Gem (1250 mg/m2) was administered on days 1 and 8. nab-Pac was administered at a starting dose of 180 mg/m2(cohort 1) and escalated to 220 mg/m2(cohort 2) and 260 mg/m2(cohort 3) on day 1 of the 21-day cycle, using a 3 + 3 design. Results: Nine patients (n = 3, 3, and 3 in cohorts 1, 2, and 3, respectively) were included in the study (median age 56 years; range 43–75 years). DLTs did not occur in any cohorts. Conclusions: The initial recommend dose in GA therapy is 1250 mg/m2Gem and 260 mg/m2nab-Pac. It is well known that nab-Pac has cumulative toxicities, and thus the efficacy and safety of GA therapy require validation in a phase 2 study.
- Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neurotoxicity
- Metastatic breast cancer
- Nanoparticle albumin-bound paclitaxel
- Phase 1
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research
- Pharmacology (medical)