We have identified a novel two-base mutation in exon 1 of the Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD1) gene (TGC to TTT), which resulted in Cys6 to Phe substitution in a Japanese family with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). This is the first case of familial ALS-associated two-base change of the SOD1 gene. Similar to several mutations in exon 1 of the SOD1 gene such as Ala4 to Val, Ala4 to Thr and Val14 to Met, affected members of the present family showed a rapid progression of motor dysfunction. Although Ala4, Cys6 and Val7 reside in the middle of the first B-strand of the SOD1, a family with a mutation of Val7 to Glu associates with slow progression of the disease. These findings suggest that clinical courses are variable with each mutation, even in the same exon.
- Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
- Superoxide dismutase
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