A novel repetitive sequence, termed the JNK repeat family, located on an extra heterochromatic region of chromosome 2R of Japanese rye

Kiyotaka Nagaki, Hisashi Tsujimoto, Tetsuo Sasakuma

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19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Among cultivated rye, Secale cereale L., collected in Japan, we found an extra heterochromatin on the long-arm interstitial region of chromosome 2R. This extra heterochromatin was polymorphic in the population. The plants with the extra heterochromatin showed a specific DNA fragment of 1.2 kb in digests prepared with the restriction enzyme DraI. The fragment was cloned and used as a probe for fluorescent in-situ hybridization (FISH). The clone, pScJNK1, showed a hybridization signal at the extra heterochromatic region. The segregation of the number of signals corresponded to the number of the extra heterochromatin of the 2R chromosome, indicating that the sequence might construct the heterochromatin. Southern hybridization using the clone as a probe showed a ladder pattern, suggesting that the sequence was a tandem repeat. Three sequences homologous to pScJNK1 were isolated; these were 1192-1232 bp, 44.7-45.9% in GC content, highly homologous (> 93%) with each other, and did not show any significant homology to other sequences in a DNA database. Slot blot hybridization using pScJNK1 as a probe indicated that there were about 4000 copies of the sequence in the haploid genome carrying the extra heterochromatin, whereas less than 20 copies existed in the genome without the heterochromatin. Southern hybridization using Msp I and Hap II indicated that all of the second cytosine nucleotides in CCGG sites in the sequence were methylated in the extra heterochromatin.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)95-102
Number of pages8
JournalChromosome Research
Volume7
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1999
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Heterochromatin
  • Secale cereale L.
  • Tandem repeat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

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