A novel mutation in the COL2A1 gene in a patient with Stickler syndrome type 1: A case report and review of the literature

Yousuke Higuchi, Kosei Hasegawa, Miho Yamashita, Hiroyuki Tanaka, Hirokazu Tsukahara

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Stickler syndrome is a group of collagenopathies characterized by ophthalmic, skeletal, and orofacial abnormalities, with the degree of symptoms varying among patients. Mutations in the COL2A1, COL11A1, and COL11A2 procollagen genes cause Stickler syndrome. Marshall syndrome, caused by a COL11A1 mutation, has clinical overlap with Stickler syndrome. Case presentation: A 2-year-old Japanese boy was presented to our hospital with short stature (79.1 cm, -2.52 standard deviation). His past medical history was significant for soft cleft palate and bilateral cataracts. He had a flat midface, micrognathia, and limitations in bilateral elbow flexion. Radiographs showed mild spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia. Initially, we suspected Marshall syndrome, but no mutation was identified in COL11A1. At 8 years old, his height was 116.2 cm (-1.89 standard deviation), and his orofacial characteristics appeared unremarkable. We analyzed the COL2A1 gene and found a novel heterozygous mutation (c.1142 G > A, p.Gly381Asp). Conclusions: In this case report, we identify a novel missense mutation in the COL2A1 gene in a patient with Stickler syndrome type 1, and we describe age-related changes in the clinical phenotype with regard to orofacial characteristics and height. Genetic analysis is helpful for the diagnosis of this clinically variable and genetically heterogeneous disorder.

Original languageEnglish
Article number237
JournalJournal of Medical Case Reports
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 26 2017

Keywords

  • COL2A1
  • Marshall syndrome
  • Stickler syndrome
  • Type II collagenopathy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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