A novel molecular therapy using bioengineered adenovirus for human gastrointestinal cancer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Replication-selective tumor-specific viruses constitute a novel approach for treatment of neoplastic disease. These vectors are designed to induce virus-mediated lysis of tumor cells after selective viral propagation within the tumor. Human telomerase is highly active in more than 85% of primary cancers, regardless of their tissue origins, and its activity correlates closely with human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) expression. We constructed an attenuated adenovirus 5 vector (Telomelysin, OBP-301), in which the hTERT promoter element drives expression of El genes. Since only tumor cells that express telomerase activity would activate this promoter, the hTERT proximal promoter would allow for preferential expression of viral genes in tumor cells, leading to selective viral replication and oncolytic cell death. Lymphatic invasion is a major route for cancer cell dissemination, and adequate treatment of locoregional lymph nodes is required for curative treatment in patients with gastrointestinal tumors. We demonstrated that intratumoral injection of Telomelysin mediates effective in wvo purging of metastatic tumor cells from regional lymph nodes. Moreover, using noninvasive whole-body imaging, we found that intratumoral injection of Telomelysin followed by regional irradiation induces a substantial antitumor effect, resulting from tumor cell-specific radio-sensitization, in an orthotopic human esophageal cancer xenograft model. These results illustrate the potential of oncolytic virotherapy as a promising strategy in the management of human gastrointestinal cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)151-162
Number of pages12
JournalActa medica Okayama
Volume65
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2011

Keywords

  • Adenovirus
  • Colorectal cancer
  • Lymph node
  • Metastasis
  • Telomerase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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