Soluble factors in the tumor microenvironment may influence the process of angiogenesis; a process essential for the growth and progression of malignant tumors. In this study, we describe a novel antiangiogenic effect of conditional replicationselective adenovirus through the stimulation of host immune reaction. An attenuated adenovirus (OBP-301, Telomelysin), in which the human telomerase reverse transcriptase promoter element drives expression of E1 genes, could replicate in and cause selective lysis of cancer cells. Mixed lymphocyte-tumor cell culture demonstrated that OBP-301-infected cancer cells stimulated PBMC to produce IFN-γ into the supernatants. When the supernatants were subjected to the assay of in vitro angiogenesis, the tube formation of HUVECs was inhibited more efficiently than recombinant IFN-γ. Moreover, in vivo angiogenic assay using a membrane-diffusion chamber system s.c. transplanted in nu/nu mice showed that tumor cell-induced neovascularization was markedly reduced when the chambers contained the mixed lymphocyte-tumor cell culture supernatants. The growth of s.c. murine colon tumors in syngenic mice was significantly inhibited due to the reduced vascularity by intratumoral injection of OBP-301. The antitumor as well as antiangiogenic effects, however, were less apparent in SCID mice due to the lack of host immune responses. Our data suggest that OBP-301 seems to have antiangiogenic properties through the stimulation of host immune cells to produce endogenous antiangiogenic factors such as IFN-γ.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy