We identified a novel type of point mutation at the 22nd codon of the K-ras gene in a primary colon cancer. The mutation was C to A transversion substituting lysine (AAG) for normal glutamine (CAG) codon. Biological activity of this mutant K-ras gene was tested by expression of full-length cDNA clones in NIH3T3 cells. Most of the K-ras Lys22-transfected cells exhibited an increased saturation density, a lower serum requirement, and transformed morphology reminiscent to the typical K-ras Val12 transformants. However, the tumorigenicity of K-ras Lys22 transformants in nude mice was significantly less potent than that of K-ras Val12 transformants; only a high copy number transformant produced tumors. Even though the activation is incomplete, the finding that the majority of tumor cells in the specimen carried the K-ras Lys22 mutation suggests that this mutation might be advantageous for growth of tumor cells in vivo. (C) 2000 Academic Press.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 30 2000|
- Colon cancer
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology