Background: During transtibial pullout repair of medial meniscus (MM) posterior root tears (MMPRTs), accurate tibial tunnel creation within the anatomic MM posterior root attachment seems critical. This study aimed to evaluate the tibial tunnel position created by a newly-developed Precision guide during pullout repair of MMPRTs. Methods: In 40 patients who underwent transtibial pullout repairs, the tibial tunnel was created using the Unicorn Meniscal Root (UMR) (n = 20) or Precision guide (n = 20). Three-dimensional computed tomography images of the tibial surface were evaluated postoperatively, using Tsukada's measurement method. The expected anatomic center of the MM posterior root attachment was defined as the center of three tangential lines corresponding to anatomic bony landmarks. The expected anatomic center (AC) and the tibial tunnel center (TC) were evaluated using the percentage-based posterolateral location on the tibial surface. The difference in the mediolateral and anteroposterior percentage distance between the AC and TC was calculated, as was the absolute distance between the AC and TC. Results: The mean AC was located 77.4% posterior and 40.1% lateral. The mean TC was similar in the UMR and Precision guide groups. There was no significant difference in the mediolateral percentage distance (UMR 3.9% vs. Precision 3.6%, p = 0.405), but a significant difference was observed in the anteroposterior percentage distance (UMR 3.5% vs. Precision 2.6%, p = 0.031). The mean absolute distance between the AC and TC was 3.9 mm and 3.5 mm (UMR and Precision guide groups, respectively) (p = 0.364). Conclusions: The new Precision guide can create tibial tunnel in an optimal and stable position during pullout repair of MMPRTs.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine