In addition to cognitive impairment, behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) are another important aspect of most dementia patients. This studywas designed for a newsimple assessment of BPSD. Wefirst employed a clinical survey for the local community with sending an inquiry letter to all members (n= 129) of dementia caregiver society, and then attempted to create a new BPSD score for dementia with 10 BPSD items. This new simple BPSD score was compared to a standard-detailed BPSD score neuropsychiatric inventory (NPI) for a possible correlation (n=792) and a time to complete (n=136). Inter-rater reliabilitywas examined comparing scores between main and second caregivers (n = 70) for AD. Based on the clinical survey for local caregivers, a new BPSD score for dementia (ABS, Abe's BPSD score) was newly created, in which each BPSD item was allotted by an already-weighted score (maximum 1-9) based on the frequency and severity, and was finalized with taking temporal occurrences into account. ABS was filled by the main caregiver with a full score of 44, was well correlated with NPI (r = 0.716,p < 0.01) in 792 AD patients (age 78.6 ± 7.0 years, MMSE 19.0 ± 5.9), and took a shorter time as only 56.8 ± 38.8 s (p < 0.01) than NPI score (132.7 ± 94.0 s) with 136 AD patients. A high inter-rater reliability was obtained (r = 0.964,p < 0.01) with a little smaller score (0.877 time) of ABS in secondary than the main caregivers. ABS provides a new simple and quick test for BPSD assessment, with a good correlation to NPI but a shorter time, and with a high inter-rater reliability. Thus ABS is useful for evaluating BPSD for mild to moderate dementia patients.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology