A new screening method to diagnose coronary artery disease using multichannel magnetocardiogram and simple exercise

Hideaki Kanzaki, Satoshi Nakatani, Akihiko Kandori, Keiji Tsukada, Kunio Miyatake

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Magnetocardiography (MCG) is a non-contact mapping technique to record cardiac action currents. The Master's two-step electrocardiogram (ECG) test is a simple exercise method for screening coronary artery disease (CAD), but it is inadequate concerning the sensitivity. Our aim was to develop a new screening method using multichannel MCG instead of ECG. Methods: Thirty subjects (aged 54 ± 16 years, 27 males), 17 of whom had CAD confirmed by coronary angiography, underwent the Master's exercise ECG test. After the exercise, MCG signals were acquired every minute during recovery with a 64-channel MCG system (MC-6400, Hitachi Ltd). We integrated tangential components of the MCG signals within QRS (during 20, 40, 80, and 120 ms centering on R-wave peak) immediately after exercise (Iex) and 5 minutes after exercise (Irec). The exercise-induced change of currents [(Iex-Irec)/Irec] was determined and normalized for each channel, and the maximal change among 64 channels, maximal QRS integral change, was used as a diagnostic index for myocardial ischemia. Results: The maximal QRS integral change during 40 ms was significantly higher in the CAD group than in the control group (0.81 ± 0.51 vs. 0.36 ± 0.19, p < 0.01). A sensitivity and specificity for predicting CAD by the change > 0.44 were 82% and 85%, respectively, yielding a diagnostic accuracy of 83%. The conventional Master's ECG test identified the CAD patients with a diagnostic accuracy of 63% (sensitivity 47%, specificity 85%). Conclusion: The Master's two-step exercise test with a 64-channel MCG system showed the high diagnostic accuracy, despite of non-contact recording and simple exercise. The magnetic field in the depolarization process has the potential to detect the subtle myocardial ischemia induced by exercise.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)124-132
Number of pages9
JournalBasic Research in Cardiology
Volume98
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2003
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Coronary artery disease
  • Magnetic field
  • Magnetocardiography
  • Myocardial ischemia
  • QRS complex

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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