A new approach to an individual-phase reactive power compensator for nonsinusoidal and unbalanced three-phase systems

Toshihiko Tanaka, Shigeyuki Funabiki, Akira Nabae

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Many researchers have attempted to clarify the definitions of active power, reactive power, active current, reactive current, etc. for unbalanced and nonsinusoidal three-phase situations. The so-called pq theory has given a new definition of instantaneous reactive power, and it has been discussed and developed by many authors. In this paper, the merits and demerits of the instantaneous reactive power compensator are discussed. It is shown theoretically that applying instantaneous reactive power compensation to unbalanced three-phase systems has a serious disadvantage in that it causes third-order harmonic currents on the source side, which problem cannot be avoided. To overcome this problem the authors propose a new approach, and name it the "quasi-instantaneous" reactive power compensator. It compensates individual-phase reactive currents. The basic principles of the quasi-instantaneous reactive current compensator are discussed in detail, and its validity is confirmed using digital simulation. In particular the authors Show that the power factor of each phase becomes unity on the source side, but the source currents remain unbalanced when the proposed method is applied.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73-81
Number of pages9
JournalElectrical Engineering in Japan (English translation of Denki Gakkai Ronbunshi)
Volume139
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2002
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Reactive power

Keywords

  • Hysteresis-type PWM inverter
  • Individual-phase reactive current compensation
  • Instantaneous reactive power compensation
  • Moving average
  • Quasi-instantaneous reactive current

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

@article{fa04fc6a5589455db3ab022754f77c14,
title = "A new approach to an individual-phase reactive power compensator for nonsinusoidal and unbalanced three-phase systems",
abstract = "Many researchers have attempted to clarify the definitions of active power, reactive power, active current, reactive current, etc. for unbalanced and nonsinusoidal three-phase situations. The so-called pq theory has given a new definition of instantaneous reactive power, and it has been discussed and developed by many authors. In this paper, the merits and demerits of the instantaneous reactive power compensator are discussed. It is shown theoretically that applying instantaneous reactive power compensation to unbalanced three-phase systems has a serious disadvantage in that it causes third-order harmonic currents on the source side, which problem cannot be avoided. To overcome this problem the authors propose a new approach, and name it the {"}quasi-instantaneous{"} reactive power compensator. It compensates individual-phase reactive currents. The basic principles of the quasi-instantaneous reactive current compensator are discussed in detail, and its validity is confirmed using digital simulation. In particular the authors Show that the power factor of each phase becomes unity on the source side, but the source currents remain unbalanced when the proposed method is applied.",
keywords = "Hysteresis-type PWM inverter, Individual-phase reactive current compensation, Instantaneous reactive power compensation, Moving average, Quasi-instantaneous reactive current",
author = "Toshihiko Tanaka and Shigeyuki Funabiki and Akira Nabae",
year = "2002",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1002/eej.1162",
language = "English",
volume = "139",
pages = "73--81",
journal = "Electrical Engineering in Japan (English translation of Denki Gakkai Ronbunshi)",
issn = "0424-7760",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Inc.",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A new approach to an individual-phase reactive power compensator for nonsinusoidal and unbalanced three-phase systems

AU - Tanaka, Toshihiko

AU - Funabiki, Shigeyuki

AU - Nabae, Akira

PY - 2002/1/1

Y1 - 2002/1/1

N2 - Many researchers have attempted to clarify the definitions of active power, reactive power, active current, reactive current, etc. for unbalanced and nonsinusoidal three-phase situations. The so-called pq theory has given a new definition of instantaneous reactive power, and it has been discussed and developed by many authors. In this paper, the merits and demerits of the instantaneous reactive power compensator are discussed. It is shown theoretically that applying instantaneous reactive power compensation to unbalanced three-phase systems has a serious disadvantage in that it causes third-order harmonic currents on the source side, which problem cannot be avoided. To overcome this problem the authors propose a new approach, and name it the "quasi-instantaneous" reactive power compensator. It compensates individual-phase reactive currents. The basic principles of the quasi-instantaneous reactive current compensator are discussed in detail, and its validity is confirmed using digital simulation. In particular the authors Show that the power factor of each phase becomes unity on the source side, but the source currents remain unbalanced when the proposed method is applied.

AB - Many researchers have attempted to clarify the definitions of active power, reactive power, active current, reactive current, etc. for unbalanced and nonsinusoidal three-phase situations. The so-called pq theory has given a new definition of instantaneous reactive power, and it has been discussed and developed by many authors. In this paper, the merits and demerits of the instantaneous reactive power compensator are discussed. It is shown theoretically that applying instantaneous reactive power compensation to unbalanced three-phase systems has a serious disadvantage in that it causes third-order harmonic currents on the source side, which problem cannot be avoided. To overcome this problem the authors propose a new approach, and name it the "quasi-instantaneous" reactive power compensator. It compensates individual-phase reactive currents. The basic principles of the quasi-instantaneous reactive current compensator are discussed in detail, and its validity is confirmed using digital simulation. In particular the authors Show that the power factor of each phase becomes unity on the source side, but the source currents remain unbalanced when the proposed method is applied.

KW - Hysteresis-type PWM inverter

KW - Individual-phase reactive current compensation

KW - Instantaneous reactive power compensation

KW - Moving average

KW - Quasi-instantaneous reactive current

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0036567498&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0036567498&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/eej.1162

DO - 10.1002/eej.1162

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0036567498

VL - 139

SP - 73

EP - 81

JO - Electrical Engineering in Japan (English translation of Denki Gakkai Ronbunshi)

JF - Electrical Engineering in Japan (English translation of Denki Gakkai Ronbunshi)

SN - 0424-7760

IS - 3

ER -