A mutation in the serum and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase-like kinase (Sgkl) gene is associated with defective hair growth in mice

Kentaro Masujin, Taro Okada, Takehito Tsuji, Yoshiyuki Ishii, Kaoru Takano, Junichiro Matsuda, Atsuo Ogura, Tetsuo Kunieda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

YPC is a mutant mouse strain with defective hair growth characterized by thin, short hairs and poorly developed hair bulbs and dermal papillae. To identify the gene associated with the phenotype, we performed genome-wide linkage analysis using 1010 backcross progeny and 123 microsatellite markers covering all chromosomes. The mutant locus (ypc) was mapped to a 0.2-cM region in the proximal part of mouse chromosome 1. This 0.2-cM region corresponds to a 450-kb region of genome sequence that contains two genes with known functions and five ESTs or predicted genes with unknown functions. Sequence analysis revealed a single C-to-A nucleotide substitution at nucleotide 1382 in the Sgkl gene, causing a nonsense mutation at codon 461. Sgkl encodes serum and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase-like kinase (SGKL), which belongs to a subfamily of serine/threonine protein kinases and has been suggested to have a role downstream of lipid signals produced by activation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K). In the mutant SGKL, a serine residue in the C-terminal end of the protein (Ser486), which is indispensable for activation of SGKL upon phosphorylation, is abolished by premature termination. Specific expression of the Sgkl gene in the inner root sheath of growing hair follicles was also identified by in situ hybridization. Therefore, we concluded that the nucleotide substitution in the Sgkl gene is the causative mutation for defective hair growth in the ypc mutant mouse and that the signaling pathway involving SGKL plays an essential role in mammalian hair development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)371-379
Number of pages9
JournalDNA Research
Volume11
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004

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Keywords

  • Hair follicle
  • IRS
  • Mutant mouse
  • SGKL/SGK3/CISK
  • WNT signaling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Molecular Biology

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