A multi-ethnic meta-analysis identifies novel genes, including ACSL5, associated with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

Ryoichi Nakamura, Kazuharu Misawa, Genki Tohnai, Masahiro Nakatochi, Sho Furuhashi, Naoki Atsuta, Naoki Hayashi, Daichi Yokoi, Hazuki Watanabe, Hirohisa Watanabe, Masahisa Katsuno, Yuishin Izumi, Kazuaki Kanai, Nobutaka Hattori, Mitsuya Morita, Akira Taniguchi, Osamu Kano, Masaya Oda, Kazumoto Shibuya, Satoshi KuwabaraNaoki Suzuki, Masashi Aoki, Yasuyuki Ohta, Toru Yamashita, Koji Abe, Rina Hashimoto, Ikuko Aiba, Koichi Okamoto, Kouichi Mizoguchi, Kazuko Hasegawa, Yohei Okada, Tomohiko Ishihara, Osamu Onodera, Kenji Nakashima, Ryuji Kaji, Yoichiro Kamatani, Shiro Ikegawa, Yukihide Momozawa, Michiaki Kubo, Noriko Ishida, Naoko Minegishi, Masao Nagasaki, Gen Sobue

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a devastating progressive motor neuron disease that affects people of all ethnicities. Approximately 90% of ALS cases are sporadic and thought to have multifactorial pathogenesis. To understand the genetics of sporadic ALS, we conducted a genome-wide association study using 1,173 sporadic ALS cases and 8,925 controls in a Japanese population. A combined meta-analysis of our Japanese cohort with individuals of European ancestry revealed a significant association at the ACSL5 locus (top SNP p = 2.97 × 10−8). We validated the association with ACSL5 in a replication study with a Chinese population and an independent Japanese population (1941 ALS cases, 3821 controls; top SNP p = 1.82 × 10−4). In the combined meta-analysis, the intronic ACSL5 SNP rs3736947 showed the strongest association (p = 7.81 × 10−11). Using a gene-based analysis of the full multi-ethnic dataset, we uncovered additional genes significantly associated with ALS: ERGIC1, RAPGEF5, FNBP1, and ATXN3. These results advance our understanding of the genetic basis of sporadic ALS.

Original languageEnglish
Article number526
JournalCommunications Biology
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Medicine(all)

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