A Method for Optimally Designing Snubber Circuits for Buck Converter Circuits to Damp LC Resonance

Yusuke Yano, Naoki Kawata, Kengo Iokibe, Yoshitaka Toyota

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A method for optimally designing RL and RC snubber circuits is presented to reduce the electromagnetic interference caused by parasitic LC resonance. The Q factor of the resonance is used as the design criteria. Optimum snubber parameters are determined analytically and uniquely by using a simplified equivalent circuit of the resonant loop and deriving an analytical formula for the Q factor as a function of the snubber parameters. The optimally designed snubbers can adequately adjust the Q factor to any design target. They can also minimize the increases in the negative effects of the snubbers, i.e., overshoot and power loss. The method was applied to RL and RC snubbers to be added to a synchronous buck converter. The effects of the snubbers were reproduced by simulation program with integrated circuit emphasis (SPICE) simulation to validate the method from the perspective of resonance damping, overshoot, and power loss. The results showed that the damping effects obtained with the optimized snubbers met the Q factor design targets. They also demonstrate that the parameters are optimum in terms of suppressing overshoot and power loss. These results indicate that the method is suitable for optimizing RL and RC snubbers to damp parasitic LC resonance.

Original languageEnglish
JournalIEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jun 19 2018

Fingerprint

converters
Q factors
power loss
Networks (circuits)
Damping
damping
RC circuits
electromagnetic interference
Circuit simulation
Signal interference
equivalent circuits
Equivalent circuits
integrated circuits
Integrated circuits
simulation

Keywords

  • Buck converter
  • Buck converters
  • Damping
  • electromagnetic interference (EMI)
  • Equivalent circuits
  • LC resonance
  • MOSFET
  • Q factor
  • Q-factor
  • RC snubber
  • RL snubber
  • RLC circuits
  • Snubbers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

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title = "A Method for Optimally Designing Snubber Circuits for Buck Converter Circuits to Damp LC Resonance",
abstract = "A method for optimally designing RL and RC snubber circuits is presented to reduce the electromagnetic interference caused by parasitic LC resonance. The Q factor of the resonance is used as the design criteria. Optimum snubber parameters are determined analytically and uniquely by using a simplified equivalent circuit of the resonant loop and deriving an analytical formula for the Q factor as a function of the snubber parameters. The optimally designed snubbers can adequately adjust the Q factor to any design target. They can also minimize the increases in the negative effects of the snubbers, i.e., overshoot and power loss. The method was applied to RL and RC snubbers to be added to a synchronous buck converter. The effects of the snubbers were reproduced by simulation program with integrated circuit emphasis (SPICE) simulation to validate the method from the perspective of resonance damping, overshoot, and power loss. The results showed that the damping effects obtained with the optimized snubbers met the Q factor design targets. They also demonstrate that the parameters are optimum in terms of suppressing overshoot and power loss. These results indicate that the method is suitable for optimizing RL and RC snubbers to damp parasitic LC resonance.",
keywords = "Buck converter, Buck converters, Damping, electromagnetic interference (EMI), Equivalent circuits, LC resonance, MOSFET, Q factor, Q-factor, RC snubber, RL snubber, RLC circuits, Snubbers",
author = "Yusuke Yano and Naoki Kawata and Kengo Iokibe and Yoshitaka Toyota",
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AU - Yano, Yusuke

AU - Kawata, Naoki

AU - Iokibe, Kengo

AU - Toyota, Yoshitaka

PY - 2018/6/19

Y1 - 2018/6/19

N2 - A method for optimally designing RL and RC snubber circuits is presented to reduce the electromagnetic interference caused by parasitic LC resonance. The Q factor of the resonance is used as the design criteria. Optimum snubber parameters are determined analytically and uniquely by using a simplified equivalent circuit of the resonant loop and deriving an analytical formula for the Q factor as a function of the snubber parameters. The optimally designed snubbers can adequately adjust the Q factor to any design target. They can also minimize the increases in the negative effects of the snubbers, i.e., overshoot and power loss. The method was applied to RL and RC snubbers to be added to a synchronous buck converter. The effects of the snubbers were reproduced by simulation program with integrated circuit emphasis (SPICE) simulation to validate the method from the perspective of resonance damping, overshoot, and power loss. The results showed that the damping effects obtained with the optimized snubbers met the Q factor design targets. They also demonstrate that the parameters are optimum in terms of suppressing overshoot and power loss. These results indicate that the method is suitable for optimizing RL and RC snubbers to damp parasitic LC resonance.

AB - A method for optimally designing RL and RC snubber circuits is presented to reduce the electromagnetic interference caused by parasitic LC resonance. The Q factor of the resonance is used as the design criteria. Optimum snubber parameters are determined analytically and uniquely by using a simplified equivalent circuit of the resonant loop and deriving an analytical formula for the Q factor as a function of the snubber parameters. The optimally designed snubbers can adequately adjust the Q factor to any design target. They can also minimize the increases in the negative effects of the snubbers, i.e., overshoot and power loss. The method was applied to RL and RC snubbers to be added to a synchronous buck converter. The effects of the snubbers were reproduced by simulation program with integrated circuit emphasis (SPICE) simulation to validate the method from the perspective of resonance damping, overshoot, and power loss. The results showed that the damping effects obtained with the optimized snubbers met the Q factor design targets. They also demonstrate that the parameters are optimum in terms of suppressing overshoot and power loss. These results indicate that the method is suitable for optimizing RL and RC snubbers to damp parasitic LC resonance.

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