A Measurement of the Cosmic Microwave Background B-mode Polarization Power Spectrum at Subdegree Scales from Two Years of polarbear Data

P. A.R. Ade, M. Aguilar, Y. Akiba, K. Arnold, C. Baccigalupi, D. Barron, D. Beck, F. Bianchini, D. Boettger, J. Borrill, S. Chapman, Y. Chinone, K. Crowley, A. Cukierman, R. Dünner, M. Dobbs, A. Ducout, T. Elleflot, J. Errard, G. FabbianS. M. Feeney, C. Feng, T. Fujino, N. Galitzki, A. Gilbert, N. Goeckner-Wald, J. C. Groh, G. Hall, N. Halverson, T. Hamada, M. Hasegawa, M. Hazumi, C. A. Hill, L. Howe, Y. Inoue, G. Jaehnig, A. H. Jaffe, O. Jeong, D. Kaneko, N. Katayama, B. Keating, R. Keskitalo, T. Kisner, N. Krachmalnicoff, A. Kusaka, M. Le Jeune, A. T. Lee, E. M. Leitch, D. Leon, E. Linder, L. Lowry, F. Matsuda, T. Matsumura, Y. Minami, J. Montgomery, M. Navaroli, H. Nishino, H. Paar, J. Peloton, A. T.P. Pham, D. Poletti, G. Puglisi, C. L. Reichardt, P. L. Richards, C. Ross, Y. Segawa, B. D. Sherwin, M. Silva-Feaver, P. Siritanasak, N. Stebor, R. Stompor, A. Suzuki, O. Tajima, S. Takakura, S. Takatori, D. Tanabe, G. P. Teply, T. Tomaru, C. Tucker, N. Whitehorn, A. Zahn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

62 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report an improved measurement of the cosmic microwave background B-mode polarization power spectrum with the Polarbear experiment at 150 GHz. By adding new data collected during the second season of observations (2013-2014) to re-analyzed data from the first season (2012-2013), we have reduced twofold the band-power uncertainties. The band powers are reported over angular multipoles 500 ≤ ℓ ≤ 2100, where the dominant B-mode signal is expected to be due to the gravitational lensing of E-modes. We reject the null hypothesis of no B-mode polarization at a confidence of 3.1σ including both statistical and systematic uncertainties. We test the consistency of the measured B-modes with the Λ Cold Dark Matter (ΛCDM) framework by fitting for a single lensing amplitude parameter A L = 0.60 +0.26-0.24(stat)+0.00-0.04 (inst) ± 0.14(foreground) ± 0.04(multi), where A L = 1 relative to the Planck 2015 best-fit model prediction. We obtain ±0.14(foreground) ±0.04(multi), where is the fiducial ΛCDM value.

Original languageEnglish
Article number121
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume848
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 20 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • cosmic background radiation
  • cosmology: observations
  • large-scale structure of universe

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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