A local thermal nonequilibrium analysis of silicon carbide ceramic foam as a solar volumetric receiver

Y. Sano, S. Iwase, A. Nakayama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)


A volumetric solar receiver receives the concentrated radiation generated by a large number of heliostats. Heat transfer takes place from the receiver solid phase to the air as it passes through the porous receiver. Such combined heat transfer within the receiver, associated radiation, convection and conduction, are investigated using a local thermal nonequilibrium model. The Rosseland approximation is applied to account for the radiative heat transfer through the solar receiver, while the low Mach approximation is exploited to investigate the compressible flow through the receiver. Analytic solutions are obtained for the developments of air and ceramic temperatures as well as the pressure along the flow direction. The results show that the pore diameter must be larger than its critical value to achieve high receiver efficiency. Subsequently, there exists an optimal pore diameter for achieving the maximum receiver efficiency under the equal pumping power. The solutions serve as a useful tool for designing a novel volumetric solar receiver of silicon carbide ceramic foam.

Original languageEnglish
Article number021006
JournalJournal of Solar Energy Engineering, Transactions of the ASME
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2012


  • ceramic foam
  • porous media
  • thermal nonequilibrium
  • volumetric solar receiver

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology


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