A hydrogen management method in residential distributed generation systems with photovoltaic cells and hydrogen-storage type fuel cells

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9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recently, renewable energy have been attracting attention from the global warming and the depletion of fossil fuel. The photovoltaic (PV) systems spread rapidly in the world because the PV systems generate electric power quietly and they can be installed in many places. The output power generated in the PV system fluctuates according to the changes in solar irradiance and panel temperature. The reverse flow of steep surplus power may have bad influences on electric power quality such as a frequency and a voltage in the power system. A residential distributed generation (DG) system composed of the fuel cell (FC) unit, the electrolyzer (EL) unit and the PV system has been proposed for solving these problems. In order to operate this system without interruption, the hydrogen storage volume needs to be managed. This paper proposes a novel hydrogen management method in the residential DG system with the PV cells and the hydrogen-storage type FC's. The hydrogen storage volume is managed to be the preset reference by operating the FC unit and the EL unit. The models of PV, FC and EL are constructed in the simulation. It is clarified by the simulation that the proposed management method is available for the residential DG systems with the PV cells and the hydrogen-storage type FC's.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)700-706
Number of pages7
JournalIEEJ Transactions on Power and Energy
Volume133
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

Photovoltaic cells
Distributed power generation
Hydrogen storage
Fuel cells
Hydrogen
Global warming
Power quality
Electric power systems
Fossil fuels
Electric potential
Temperature

Keywords

  • Distributed generation
  • Electrolyzer
  • Fuel cell
  • Management method
  • Photovoltaic cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

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title = "A hydrogen management method in residential distributed generation systems with photovoltaic cells and hydrogen-storage type fuel cells",
abstract = "Recently, renewable energy have been attracting attention from the global warming and the depletion of fossil fuel. The photovoltaic (PV) systems spread rapidly in the world because the PV systems generate electric power quietly and they can be installed in many places. The output power generated in the PV system fluctuates according to the changes in solar irradiance and panel temperature. The reverse flow of steep surplus power may have bad influences on electric power quality such as a frequency and a voltage in the power system. A residential distributed generation (DG) system composed of the fuel cell (FC) unit, the electrolyzer (EL) unit and the PV system has been proposed for solving these problems. In order to operate this system without interruption, the hydrogen storage volume needs to be managed. This paper proposes a novel hydrogen management method in the residential DG system with the PV cells and the hydrogen-storage type FC's. The hydrogen storage volume is managed to be the preset reference by operating the FC unit and the EL unit. The models of PV, FC and EL are constructed in the simulation. It is clarified by the simulation that the proposed management method is available for the residential DG systems with the PV cells and the hydrogen-storage type FC's.",
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AU - Takubo, Ryosuke

AU - Takahashi, Akiko

AU - Imai, Jun

AU - Funabiki, Shigeyuki

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - Recently, renewable energy have been attracting attention from the global warming and the depletion of fossil fuel. The photovoltaic (PV) systems spread rapidly in the world because the PV systems generate electric power quietly and they can be installed in many places. The output power generated in the PV system fluctuates according to the changes in solar irradiance and panel temperature. The reverse flow of steep surplus power may have bad influences on electric power quality such as a frequency and a voltage in the power system. A residential distributed generation (DG) system composed of the fuel cell (FC) unit, the electrolyzer (EL) unit and the PV system has been proposed for solving these problems. In order to operate this system without interruption, the hydrogen storage volume needs to be managed. This paper proposes a novel hydrogen management method in the residential DG system with the PV cells and the hydrogen-storage type FC's. The hydrogen storage volume is managed to be the preset reference by operating the FC unit and the EL unit. The models of PV, FC and EL are constructed in the simulation. It is clarified by the simulation that the proposed management method is available for the residential DG systems with the PV cells and the hydrogen-storage type FC's.

AB - Recently, renewable energy have been attracting attention from the global warming and the depletion of fossil fuel. The photovoltaic (PV) systems spread rapidly in the world because the PV systems generate electric power quietly and they can be installed in many places. The output power generated in the PV system fluctuates according to the changes in solar irradiance and panel temperature. The reverse flow of steep surplus power may have bad influences on electric power quality such as a frequency and a voltage in the power system. A residential distributed generation (DG) system composed of the fuel cell (FC) unit, the electrolyzer (EL) unit and the PV system has been proposed for solving these problems. In order to operate this system without interruption, the hydrogen storage volume needs to be managed. This paper proposes a novel hydrogen management method in the residential DG system with the PV cells and the hydrogen-storage type FC's. The hydrogen storage volume is managed to be the preset reference by operating the FC unit and the EL unit. The models of PV, FC and EL are constructed in the simulation. It is clarified by the simulation that the proposed management method is available for the residential DG systems with the PV cells and the hydrogen-storage type FC's.

KW - Distributed generation

KW - Electrolyzer

KW - Fuel cell

KW - Management method

KW - Photovoltaic cell

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