A high-fat and high-cholesterol diet induces cardiac fibrosis, vascular endothelial, and left ventricular diastolic dysfunction in shrsp5/dmcr rats

Shogo Watanabe, Shota Kumazaki, Katsuhiro Kusunoki, Terumi Inoue, Yui Maeda, Shinichi Usui, Ryouko Shinohata, Takashi Ohtsuki, Satoshi Hirohata, Shozo Kusachi, Kazuya Kitamori, Mari Mori, Yukio Yamori, Hisao Oka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim: Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) increases cardiovascular risk regardless of risk factors in metabolic syndrome. However, the intermediary factors between NASH and vascular disease are still unknown because a suitable animal model has never been established. The stroke-prone (SP) spontaneously hypertensive rat, SHRSP5/Dmcr, simultaneously develops hypertension, acute arterial lipid deposits in mesenteric arteries, and NASH when feed with a high-fat and high-cholesterol (HFC) diet. We investigated whether SHRSP5/Dmcr affected with NASH aggravates the cardiac or vascular dysfunction. Method: Wister Kyoto and SHRSP5/Dmcr rats were divided into 4 groups of 5 rats each, and fed with a SP or HFC diet. After 8 weeks of HFC or SP diet feeding, glucose and insulin resistance, echocardiography, blood biochemistry, histopathological staining, and endothelial function in aorta were evaluated. Results: We demonstrate that SHRSP5/Dmcr rats fed with a HFC diet presented with cardiac and vascular dysfunction caused by cardiac fibrosis, endothelial dysfunction, and left ventricular diastolic dysfunction, in association with NASH and hypertension. These cardiac and vascular dysfunctions were aggravated and not associated with the presence of hypertension, glucose metabolism disorder, and/or obesity. Conclusions: SHRSP5/Dmcr rats may be a suitable animal model for elucidating the organ interaction between NASH and cardiac or vascular dysfunction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)439-453
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
Volume25
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2018

Keywords

  • Atherosclerosis
  • Endothelial function
  • High-cholesterol diets
  • High-fat
  • Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis
  • SHRSP5/Dmcr

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Biochemistry, medical

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